Swollen feet: causes and treatment

Swollen feet: causes and treatment
Extract from the article: Swollen feet can happen to anyone. Although it can be worrying at first sight, there are several possible causes. Swollen feet can be caused by vascular problems, water retention or lack of exercise. Dr Patrick Ngou, Paediatrician (Cameroon) discusse

Swollen feet can happen to anyone. Although it can be worrying at first sight, there are several possible causes. Swollen feet can be caused by vascular problems, water retention or lack of exercise. Dr Patrick Ngou, Paediatrician (Cameroon) discusses the best ways to deal with this type of situation.

Swollen feet, also known as oedema of the lower limbs, can result from a variety of causes. ‘Some oedema is physiological, resulting from the normal functioning of the body. Sometimes, when there isn't enough blood, or when the red blood cells are reduced, it's normal for oedema to appear - it's physiological oedema. A build-up of sodium can cause oedema in some people,’ explains Dr Patrick Ngou.

Medical causes

On the other hand, trauma or vascular problems can cause localised oedema in part of the foot or leg.‘Swollen feet can also be a sign of other medical conditions such as heart disease, kidney disorders, liver disease and intestinal problems.Conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes and obesity increase the risk of swollen feet,’ reports the paediatrician.  Certain medications, such as antidepressants, oral contraceptives and corticosteroids, can also contribute to this problem.

Steps to take ‘It's crucial to consult a doctor if you suffer from swollen feet, especially if the problem persists.A health professional will be able to determine the cause of the problem and recommend an appropriate treatment plan,’ says paediatrician Dr Patrick Ngou.While waiting for a medical consultation, simple measures such as elevating the feet, wearing comfortable shoes and maintaining regular physical activity can help reduce symptoms. Certain herbal teas can also help reduce swollen feet thanks to their anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, which increase urine production and reduce water retention. These plants include parsley, dandelion and hibiscus.

Swollen feet are a common problem.According to some studies, up to 10% of the world's population suffers from oedema of the lower limbs, with a higher prevalence among the elderly and those with chronic medical conditions.

Elom AKAKPO & Nelly BELLAHCENE (Intern)

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Abel OZIH

Swollen feet can happen to anyone. Although it can be worrying at first sight, there are several possible causes. Swollen feet can be caused by vascular problems, water retention or lack of exercise. Dr Patrick Ngou, Paediatrician (Cameroon) discusse

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